Vera Gedroits Biography - Russian surgeon, professor, poet, and author
Vera Ignatievna Gedroitz; is a Russianized Lithuanian princess, born April 19, 1870 in Slobodichtche in the government of Orel and died in March 1932 in Kiev in the Ukrainian SSR. She is one of the first Russian female surgeons, one of the first women in the world to have been awarded a professor of surgery and appointed holder of a chair of surgery. She is the author of original scientific works in the field of military, general and pediatric surgery.
A graduate of the University of Lausanne, she was a student of the surgeon César Roux. She took part in the Russo-Japanese war, first as a surgeon on a medical train for the Russian Red Cross Society, then as manager of a field hospital, and developed new laparotomy protocols there. Convinced that the revolution was inevitable and necessary, Vera Gedroitz was nevertheless very close to the imperial family. She teaches nursing to Empress Alexandra Feodorovna and Princesses Olga and Tatiana, who then work as nurses under her direction. She contributed to the establishment of the Kiev School of Surgery.
She is also known as a woman of letters, for her prose and as a poet of the Silver Age. We know two long female connections in Vera Gedroitz. Lesbian, she did not hide, dressed regularly as a man and incidentally spoke of her in the masculine gender.